Recently I was setting up a home lab comprising of Ubuntu 17.10 Desktop/Server, CentOS 7, RHEL, and OpenSUSE VMs on a high-end Windows 10 Box through Hyper-V. Since I have three 4K and one HD monitors in my Home lab, I wanted to change the screen resolution of all these Linux distros beyond the default low resolution (1152×864) I got out-of-box when setup on Hyper-V VMs.
Now when we set up any Linux VMs on Hyper-V, we automatically get all the integration components and virtualized drivers Including the Hyper-V video driver. However, if we try to change screen resolution from inside our VMs, we are unable to do so. This is a strange limitation, which continues to persist until date.
The only way possible right now is to manually change screen resolution for Linux VMs in Hyper-V.
Let’s see this manual process to change the screen resolution of an Ubuntu Desktop:
- Open Terminal
- Open the Grub file using nano editor: sudo nano /etc/default/grub
- Locate the line in the file starting with
- Add the following segment after the end of the “quiet splash”
video=hyperv_fb:[your custom resolution]
- The resolution I wanted to set was 1920×1080 (despite having three 4K Monitors). Hence my changes looked so:
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash video=hyperv_fb:1920x1080"
- Write the changes (CTRL-O) and quit nano (CTRL=X)
- Reboot the virtual machine
You can see the screenshot of the Grub file and the relevant section shown below:
The process is a bit different for other distros like CentOS/RHEL, and OpenSUSE etc. I will cover them in another post.
Please note that the maximum resolution you can set today stands at 1920×1080, and cannot be extended beyond that threshold. This is a limitation of the Hyper-V video driver as you can see in the source for the same here: https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/2149401/
Hope this post is useful to you. In case you have any questions, please feel free to comment below.